In summary, the foreign contractor withholding tax occurs in Vietnam when a foreign company offers a paid service to any company in Vietnam. The Foreign Contractor Withholding Tax (also known as FCWT) is paid in value-added and corporate income tax during tax reporting and compliance, with regulations detailed in Circular No. 103/2014/TT-BTC.
How the Foreign Contractor Withholding Tax works
- This tax is withheld for monetary payments between a foreign company outside of Vietnam and a company that does business in Vietnam or earns income in Vietnam. Tax is withheld from contracts, agreements, or commitments between the foreign contractor and a Vietnamese entity or between a foreign sub-contractor and a foreign sub-contractor to perform part of the main contract.
- Foreign entities providing goods in Vietnam in the form of domestic exports and earn income in Vietnam under contracts between them and Vietnamese companies (except for cases in which goods are processed and then returned to the foreign entities) or distribute goods in Vietnam or provide goods under Intercompany terms & rules that require the sellers to be responsible for goods that have been taken into Vietnam’s territory.
Taxes are withheld in the form of VAT (Value added tax) and CIT (Corporate Income Tax) as explained below:
VAT Payable on Foreign Contract Agreements
|No.||Trade||VAT rate (%)|
|1||Services, rental of machinery and equipment, insurance; construction, installation exclusive of raw materials, machinery & equipment.||5%|
|2||Production, transportation, services attached to goods; construction, installation inclusive of raw materials, machinery & equipment.||3%|
CIT Payable on Foreign Contract Agreements
|Trading: distribution, supply of goods, raw materials, supplies machinery and equipment; distribution of goods, raw materials, supplies, machinery and equipment attached to services in Vietnam (including those provided in the form of domestic exports, except for goods processed under processing contracts with foreign entities); supply of goods under Incoterms||1%|
|Services, lease of machinery and equipment, insurance, lease of oilrig.||5%|
|Restaurant, hotel, casino management services||10%|
|Derivative financial services||2%|
|Lease of aircraft, aircraft engines, parts of aircrafts and ships||2%|
|Construction, installation, whether or not inclusive of raw materials, machinery and equipment||2%|
|Other business activities, transport (including sea transport and air transport)||2%|
|Transfer of securities, certificates of deposit, ceding reinsurance abroad, reinsurance commission||0.1%|
|Income from copyright||10%|
When does the obligation come into effect and what are the deadlines?
Whenever the first foreign contract is generated, we must register the tax number used only for FCWT.
The obligation is incurred once the payment is made. The deadline for submitting the foreign contractor tax declaration is the 10th day from the day on which payment is made.
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